PRIA with its local partner Nahru Yuva Mandal is organising a state level consultation in Rajasthan addressing the issue of Inclusive cities on 19 September 2014 at Jaipur, Rajasthan
Rajasthan is the largest state of India in terms of area and 8th in terms of population. The population of state, as per Census 2011, was about 7 crores. About 25% of Rajasthan population reside 184 Urban Local Bodies in the state, including the 6 large municipal corporations. The 23% of urban population in Rajasthan are slum-dwellers. Jaipur city, the state capital, has a population of 31 lakh and accounts for 17% of total urban population of Rajasthan. The decadal population growth of Jaipur city was 32% during 2001 – 11. About 10% of the city population is officially under below poverty line while about 5 lakh populations live in 238 ‘listed’ slums of city. Despite several slum improvement programmes andsocial welfare development schemes, poverty persists unabated and the gap between rich and poor is growing extensively.Urban Poverty is visibly present and perpetuating the state, as reflected by table below.
Status of basic services in slums of Rajasthan and Jaipur (Census, 2011)
Slum Household Characteristics Rajasthan Jaipur
Total Number 3,83,134 60,222
Not owning House 17 % 16 %
Without Water Source 31 % 33%
Without Electricity 2 % 5%
Without Toilets 78% 46 %
All the data and population estimates suggest that India is on the brink of becoming a highly urbanized country. But the country lacks appropriate urban policies and programmes to make cities inclusive and happy place to live in. Available infrastructures in cities are over-stretched and all residents have difficulties of different degrees and orders. As the findings and experiences from different works and studies suggest, cities seems to be fragmented into different social and economic pieces- pulling each other apart rather than joining hands together to march ahead. Urban poor live in pathetic situations, middle class struggle with erratic urban services available to it, and rich and powerful have growing concerns about their safety and securities. Cities have turned into webs of difficult informalities and so, a varying sense of exclusion is felt by all categories of inhabitants. The problem is compounded by the fact that large numbers of people live in cities but very few have sense of ownership for their cities. Unless all residents of a city care for their city, it would be difficult to think of an inclusive city, which ensures minimum basic amenities and social securities to one and all.
Rationale for Collaboration:
• Do people belong to cities and are cities ‘owned by’ people? Society is web of relationship existing in ‘rural’ and ‘urban’ localities. In rural areas the relationships are straightforward, rooted, age old and binding. There is a sense of belongingness among the people. Whereas the relationships in urban areas are individualistic, specific and service oriented. The diaspora of population in urban areas belong to different geographically roots and there is no sense of belongingness towards the city among the urban population.
• Who facilitates relationship between poor and non-poor? A city is inhabited by poor and non-poor. Poor are the service providers and non-poor are manifested as middle class, clubs (lion, sports, rotary) media, academia, business, CSOs etc. The relationships among poor and non-poor are largely defined by services offered by the poor and received by the non-poor section of the society. The emotional part of relationship which is reflected in trust and dependency is often undermined. The mutual service based relationship among poor and non-poor however remains informal and unorganized. Therefore the pertinent question here is who facilitates this exchange of service? Ideally municipality of the city should facilitate this exchange of service but in reality no such facilitation happens. This should get institutionalized in order to develop the city.
• Institutionalized mechanism to promote relationship: A first step to building inclusive institutions is to ensure that the poor are representative of and accountable to all parts of society, and most notably to the middle class. Institutionalization of service exchange between the service provider (poor) and service seekers (non-poor) will lead to healthy functioning of the city. This will benefit both the poor and non-poor. Example: Public health, sanitation, conservancy and solid waste management etc.
An ‘inclusive city’ is a place where everyone, regardless of their economic means, gender, race, ethnicity or religion, is enabled and empowered to fully participate in the social, economic and political opportunities that cities have to offer. (i) the urban non-poor – mainly the urban middle class, civil society and other urban non-poor groups (resident welfare associations, rotary club members, youth groups and so on) should become sensitised towards the problems of urban poor and contribute in making lives of urban poor better. (ii) The urban local bodies are strengthened with appropriate powers and authorities so that they could deliver to the expectation of their people, especially the urban poor. (iii) Converging all the city voices on one platform for collective actions towards inclusive city development.
Aims of the State Consultation:
PRIA works for betterments of living-conditions of urban poor through reforming and strengthening urban local governance and promoting citizens’ participation. With the aim to bring all stakeholders together and evolve a collective thinking and action on urban issue, this state level consultation on “Collaborative Actions for Inclusive Cities: Roles of Poor, Non-Poor and the Governments” is being organized. The purpose of the consultation is to (i) facilitate collaborative actions for improvement in urban services and (ii) promote inclusive city development jointly led by Poor, Non-Poor and the Governments.
Programme Schedule of the Consultation
राज्य स्तरीय चर्चा
‘समावेशी शहरों के लिए साझा सहयोग‘ शहरी गरीब ,गैर-गरीब और सरकार की भूमिका पर
आयोजकः-प्रिया, राजस्थानएवंनेहरू युवा मंडल
दिनंाकः-19सितम्बर , 2014 स्थानः- आई.डी.एस. जयपुर, राजस्थान
समय विषय संदर्भ व्यक्ति
10:00 – 10:30 am पंजीकरण प्रिया, जयपुर
10:30 – 10:35 am स्वागत श्री प्रणव प्रवीण
वरिष्ठ कार्यक्रम अधिकारी
10:35 – 10:55 am राजस्थान में शहरी लोगों की समस्याऐं प्रोफेसर वी.एस.व्यास
सेवानिर्वित, विकास अध्ययन संस्थान, जयपुर
10:55 -11:05 am राजस्थान में शहरी गरीबी और शहरी प्रशासन पर प्रस्तुतीकरण डाॅ. अंशु सिंह
कार्यक्रम अधिकारी, प्रिया, जयपुर
11:05 -12:00 pm लोगों की आवाज कार्यक्रम प्रबंधक, प्रिया, जयपुर
प्रतिनिधि -कच्ची बस्ती सुधर समिति
गैर-सरकारी संस्था -उन्नति और एस.आर.के.पी.एस.
शैक्षिणक समुदाय, निवासी सुधार संस्था, व्यापार मंडल
लाइन्स क्लब डा. रणवीर सिंह (सूत्रधार)
श्री मनोज राय (सह सूत्रधार)
निदेशक, प्रिया, नई दिल्ली
12:00 -12: 45pm विचार प्रस्तुतीकरण
1. श्रीमती ज्योती खण्डेलवाल श्री मनोज राय
महापौर, जयपुर नगर निगम
2. डा. रतना जैन
महापौर, कोटा नगर निगम
12:45 -13:15 hrs चर्चा श्री मनोज राय
13:15:- 13:40 hrs भावी दिशा श्री मनोज राय
13:40 -13:55 hrs उद्वोधन डा. अरून चतुर्वेदी
माननीय राज्य मंत्री
सामाजिक न्याय एवं अधिकारिता विभाग
13:55 -14:00 hrs धन्यवाद ज्ञापन सुश्री स्वातिसुब्रमण्यम
कार्यक्रम अधिकारी, प्रिया दिल्ली
14: 00 hrs वदूंतके भोजन