Shared by Alok Pandey and Suman Bhanoo, PRIA
India with its fast growing economy and rapid urbanization faces the major problem of the increase in urban poverty. The issue of the health status of urban poor is one of the most unnoticed and unaddressed issue. There are abundant challenges that need to be addressed while discussing the problem of the health status of the urban poor. Inadequate reach of quality health care services to this under-privileged strata of the society needs ensuring delivery as well as uptake of the services.
Now government has acknowledged the non-availability of primary health care facilities in urban areas and central cabinet has approved to start “National Urban Health Mission” to provide better health facilities to urban poor. Major emphasis of mission is on primary health care need of lower strata of urban zone. The estimated cost of this particular mission for five years period is Rs. 22,507 crore with central government share of Rs. 16,955.
This mission will be implemented in 779 cities with population more than 50,000 and around 7.75 crore people will be able to get benefit from this. Under National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) government proposes to establish one urban primary health center for every 50,000 to 60,000 population and one urban community health center for five to six cities. Finance minister Mr. P. Chidambaram stated “this mission will be launched as a part of National Health Mission in 12th plan”. For this center will fund it to the extent of 75% and states 25% of money. Central government will provide 90% of money to eastern states; Jammu and Kashmir, Uttrakhand and Himachal Pradesh. The newspaper clipping is attached herewith.