PRIA is taking necessary steps towards empowerment of the urban poor and raise awareness among various stakeholders on various aspects of Urban Poverty in the state of Chhattisgarh. Recently, PRIA had undertaken a ‘Slum Survey’ that estimated number of slums in Raipur, Bilaspur, Bhilai and Korba, level of services in these slums, tenability analysis and an understanding of community engagement and participation based on active community groups in the slums.
The survey helped to highlight the following aspects:
- According to the 2011 census, population of Raipur was 10, 10,087 with 50% of its population living in slums.
- Population in Raipur has grown 61% from 1991 to 2001 with one main reason as rural to urban migration
- Raipur Municipal Corporation (RMC) recorded 282 slums in Raipur, while the survey which was conducted by the community and volunteers through PRIA registered only 232 of these slums, and instead recorded 66 slums which have not been registered in the RMC list
- Survey also highlighted that 33.4% of slums had active community groups established
With the above snapshot, it is evident that Raipur is suffering from serious housing shortage. Housing is being provided now under JNNURM and envisioned under RAY. However, as Terraurban has traced in many of the earlier entries – the process of providing housing under JNNURM in the city has been inappropriate – no community participation was considered, slums were evicted overnight and the conditions of the newly constructed houses is inadequate.
Taking lessons from JNNURM and the potential of community participation (with already about 34% of slums having active community groups)- the new scheme of Rajiv Awas Yojana should be centred around community led slum development program.
Recently, Hitvada paper also traced the efforts towards strengthening civil society voices on urban poverty by PRIA in Raipur. Find the article below: